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Exercising Ba

Exercising ba supports the internalisation phase. Exercising ba facilitate the conversion of explicit knowledge to tacit knowledge. Focused training with senior mentors and colleagues consists primarily of continued exercises that stress certain patterns and working out of such pattern. Rather than teaching based on analysis, learning by continuous self-refinement through on job training or peripheral and active participation is stressed. Thus the internalisation of knowledge is continuously enhanced by the use of formal knowledge (explicit) in real life or simulated applications.

The SECI model that correspond to Exercising Ba is Internalization.


Ikujiro Nonaka, Noboru Konno, The concept of "Ba’: Building foundation for Knowledge Creation. California Management Review Vol 40, No.3 Spring 1998.

This ba is more of learning process in each individual. Thus, it is important from the knowledge creation in own individual.

Footnote added by author


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